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|Dimensions||5 x 3 x 8 cm|
BCAA Peptides contain the branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) leucine, isoleucine and valine, named so due to a forked outcropping in their structure that resembles a branch. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins and these particular three are essential amino acids, meaning the body cannot produce them, thus they must come from the diet or supplementation. The BCAAs are especially important to athletes due to their role in muscle synthesis. They are unique in that, compared to most of the amino acids which are first processed in the liver, BCAAs are sent directly to the muscles via the bloodstream. PepForm® technology further enhances the delivery of BCAAs by including them in a peptide form, meaning they are linked together in a chain. Peptides show 70-80% higher absorption of amino acids compared to when the acids are ingested in their free form(1). Not only are these amino acids building blocks for the proteins that make up muscle, but they can also function to regulate said synthesis and produce other exercise benefits in the body.
As a group, the BCAAs affect levels of certain hormones that control muscle building. Italian researchers found that athletes taking BCAAs for one month had higher levels of growth hormone(GH) after workouts(2). GH is significant for those seeking to improve their strength and power because higher GH levels post-workout lead to greater the increases in muscle size and strength. In research conducted by the College of Charleston, BCAAs were also found to decrease levels of cortisol during exercise(3). Blunting of cortisol may increase muscle growth because cortisol is a catabolic hormone that interferes with the anabolic hormone, testosterone, and encourages muscle breakdown.
BCAAs can also function to fight mental fatigue. In particular, valine competes with another amino acid, tryptophan, for entry into the brain. Tryptophan produces serotonin, a neurotransmitter that signals to the brain that the body is fatigued. Since BCAAs block tryptophan, they consequently inhibit serotonin(4). If valine reduces an athlete’s perception of fatigue they may be able to work out longer and harder.
Of the three BCAAs, leucine is unique in its ability to initiate protein synthesis. It directly stimulates a protein called mTOR, which acts like a molecular switch turning on the machinery that manufactures muscle proteins(5). Leucine also boosts insulin levels, and insulin allows uptake of amino acids by cells, contributing to an anabolic state of protein and muscle building.
- Poullain, M. G., Cezard, J. P., Roger, L., & Mendy, F. (1989). Effect of whey proteins, their oligopeptide hydrolysates and free amino acid mixtures on growth and nitrogen retention in fed and starved rats.JPEN.Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 13(4), 382-386.
- De Palo, E. F., Gatti, R., Cappellin, E., Schiraldi, C., De Palo, C. B., & Spinella, P. (2001). Plasma lactate, GH and GH-binding protein levels in exercise following BCAA supplementation in athletes. Amino Acids,20(1), 1-11.
- Sharp, C. P., & Pearson, D. R. (2010). Amino acid supplements and recovery from high-intensity resistance training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research / National Strength & Conditioning Association, 24(4), 1125-1130.
- Blomstrand, E. (2006). A role for branched-chain amino acids in reducing central fatigue. The Journal of Nutrition, 136(2), 544S-547S.
- Norton, L. E., & Layman, D. K. (2006). Leucine regulates translation initiation of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle after exercise. The Journal of Nutrition, 136(2), 533S-537S.
- Color (in powder form)
- Product Flavor Profile (mixed with 8-10 oz. water)
- Distinctly bitter with a lingering aftertaste
- Suggested Flavor Pairings
- Pineapple Passionfruit, Pink Lemonade, Pomegranate Açai, or Sour Apple — All available in caloric and non-caloric versions
- Alternative Uses: Add to…
- Cold Beverages (juice, milk, iced tea, etc.)
- Sports Drinks
- Functional Garnish – Sprinkle on top of salads, pastas, soups, etc.
*To experience the full benefits of your supplements make sure you are consuming the full recommended dose at the appropriate interval.