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Taurine acts both to maintain strength and endurance during exercise by reducing cell damage and enhancing muscle contractions. Additionally, it helps maintain energy production by transporting vitamins and minerals. Some studies have shown Taurine also has a protective effect on the brain.
Servings: 15 Price Per Serving: $0.17
- Additional Information
- More Info: Athletic Performance
- More Info: Brain Support
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|Dimensions||4 x 2 x 6 cm|
More Info: Athletic Performance
Taurine is an organic acid naturally manufactured in the human body in small amounts. It is widely found in animal tissues thus vegetarians and vegans tend to be deficient in dietary taurine; so supplementing can help these individuals maintain proper taurine levels. Taurine functions as an antioxidant, fighting free radicals produced during increased oxygen uptake, as an ion regulator within cells maintaining contractile strength in heart and skeletal muscle, and as a component of bile, making fats from food available to fuel workouts and contributing to a lean physique. For athletes, taurine supplementation is important as muscle levels become depleted after intense exercise.(1)
Human and animal studies alike have shown that taurine supplementation yields improved exercise performance, both for endurance and strength and power athletes. A 2013 study of young adults showed that 14 days of taurine supplementation resulted in increased strength during sets of bicep curls, decreased muscle soreness, and decreased markers of cellular damage.(2) The mechanism for this increase in strength was examined in a 2009 study using a rat model. This research demonstrated that two weeks of taurine supplementation resulted in a peak twitch force (short, powerful exertion, like weight lifting) increase of about 20%, with a 49% increase in calsequestrin, the protein that binds calcium to the inside of muscle fibers, which controls the capacity for muscle contractions.(3)
A study from Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University in Japan found that in a group of young men, a week of taurine supplementation significantly increased VO2max (maximum volume of oxygen an athlete can use), exercise time to exhaustion, and maximal workload during a stationary bike exercise. This research also showed that the young men had significantly lower levels of products from damage produced by oxidative stress (TBARS), and DNA damage to white blood cells.(4) These corresponding findings indicate that taurine may enhance the capacity of endurance exercise due to its cellular protective properties. This correlation was also seen in a University of Florida study of rats. After one month of taurine supplementation the rats were subjected to 90 minutes of downhill treadmill running. The rats given taurine had reduced TBARS in the shin muscle as well as increased ease and vigor in running response based on a subjective scale.(5)
- Yatabe, Y., Miyakawa, S., Ohmori, H., Mishima, H., & Adachi, T. (2009). Effects of taurine administration on exercise. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 643, 245-252.
- da Silva, L. A., Tromm, C. B., Bom, K. F., Mariano, I., Pozzi, B., da Rosa, G. L., . . . Pinho, R. A. (2014). Effects of taurine supplementation following eccentric exercise in young adults. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquee, Nutrition Et Metabolisme, 39(1), 101-104.
- Goodman, C. A., Horvath, D., Stathis, C., Mori, T., Croft, K., Murphy, R. M., & Hayes, A. (2009). Taurine supplementation increases skeletal muscle force production and protects muscle function during and after high-frequency in vitro stimulation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 107(1), 144–154. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00040.2009
- Zhang, M., Izumi, I., Kagamimori, S., Sokejima, S., Yamagami, T., Liu, Z., & Qi, B. (2004). Role of taurine supplementation to prevent exercise-induced oxidative stress in healthy young men. Amino Acids, 26(2), 203-207. doi:10.1007/s00726-003-0002-3
- Dawson, R.,Jr, Biasetti, M., Messina, S., & Dominy, J. (2002). The cytoprotective role of taurine in exercise-induced muscle injury. Amino Acids, 22(4), 309-324.
More Info: Brain Support
Taurine is an organic acid naturally manufactured in the human body. It functions as an antioxidant, fighting free radicals produced during normal metabolism, as an ion regulator within cells maintaining contractile strength in heart and skeletal muscle, and as a component of bile, making fats from food available as fuel. It is also one of the most abundant amino acids in the central nervous system.(1)
It has been observed that taurine activates receptors in the brain called GABA receptors, GABA being the brain’s primary inhibitory (calming) messenger. In particular, taurine acts in the thalamus, a central region of the brain involved in what neuroscientists call “behavioral state control,” for example, regulating the transition between sleep and wakefulness.(2) Furthermore, studies have shown that taurine can protect brain cells from excitotoxicity, the overactivation of receptors for the chemical messengers that stimulate the brain.(3)
In an in vivo study of aged mice, long-term supplementation with taurine significantly improved the age-dependent decline in memory acquisition and retention. The changes that occurred in the brain chemistry of the mice suggest a protective role of taurine against the natural aging process.(4) A study of healthy men and women found that taurine levels do indeed decrease with age and that the lower levels may be associated with decreased energy.(5)
- Ripps, H., & Shen, W. (2012). Review: Taurine: A “very essential” amino acid.Molecular Vision, 18, 2673–2686.
- Jia, F., Yue, M., Chandra, D., Keramidas, A., Goldstein, P. A., Homanics, G. E., & Harrison, N. L. (2008). Taurine Is a Potent Activator of Extrasynaptic GABAA Receptors in the Thalamus. Journal of Neuroscience, 28(1), 106-115.
- Louzada, P. R. (2004). Taurine prevents the neurotoxicity of -amyloid and glutamate receptor agonists: Activation of GABA receptors and possible implications for Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological disorders. The FASEB Journal, 18(3), 511-518.
- Idrissi, A. E. (2008). Taurine improves learning and retention in aged mice. Neuroscience Letters, 436(1), 19-22.
- Pitkänen, H. T., Oja, S. S., Kemppainen, K., Seppä, J. M., & Mero, A. A. (2003). Serum amino acid concentrations in aging men and women. Amino Acids, 24(4), 413-421.
- Color (in powder form)
- Product Flavor Profile (mixed with 8-10 oz. water)
- Neutral taste, clean mouthfeel
- Suggested Flavor Pairings
- Any: Works well with all of our 12 flavor offerings. Choose your favorite!
- Alternative Uses: Add to…
- Cold Beverages (juice, milk, iced tea, etc.)
- Sports Drinks
- Functional Garnish – Sprinkle on top of salads, pastas, soups, etc.
*To experience the full benefits of your supplements make sure you are consuming the full recommended dose at the appropriate interval.